Malaria vaccine development
Malaria is the third most serious infectious disease among people around the world, and is a particular scourge in the Tropics. A vaccine is urgently required and could prove a billion dollar proposition. In late 2015 AITHM Director, Professor Louis Schofield received a $2.8M grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to pursue the pre-clinical development of a broad spectrum vaccine designed to overcome the five malaria parasite species. These parasites are complex and hard to target with 11 distinct life stages, each with multiple redundant strategies for survival in the host.
A novel approach to treating inflammation using hookworms
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is an inflammatory disease which primarily affects the colonic mucosa leading to bouts of bloody diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, and fever. AITHM researchers have developed an anti-inflammatory biologic to treat UC as well as other inflammatory diseases.
This ‘first-in-class’ biologic targets the underlying disease condition and has the potential to be disease modifying, unlike most current therapies which address only the symptoms of the disease. The researchers are seeking investment to enhance the preclinical data package and conduct further toxicology and safety trials in mice before progressing to clinical trials.
Immunotherapeutics for food allergy
Food allergy is a major public health problem, affecting 8 per cent of children and 10 per cent of infants and is estimated to impact 500 million people worldwide. Some food allergies, including peanut, fish and shellfish are not outgrown in adulthood and can cause life-threatening reactions. There are no currently approved medical therapies to cure food allergies or prevent the effects of allergy. In particular for fish and shellfish allergy, there are no therapies in development.
AITHM researchers are developing hypoallergenic proteins and immunopeptides using bio-molecular and immunological techniques to down-regulate the immune response to allergenic proteins. Use of such hypoallergenic proteins or peptides as immunotherapeutics allow those allergic individuals to slowly become tolerant to fish or shellfish overtime.
AITHM is working towards developing hypo-allergenic variants of these proteins for preclinical trials and is looking to partner with biopharmaceutical companies to progress the development of hypoallergenic proteins and immunopeptides
Using peptides to accelerate wound healing
Chronic wounds, such as diabetic ulcers, contribute to high mortality rates and are a significant expense in the health system. Novel growth factor-based active peptides developed by AITHM show great promise in accelerating wound healing in punch-biopsy animal experiments.
These novel therapeutic peptides show significant acceleration of wound closure versus the market leading product and have the potential to be ‘best in class’ therapeutics for both chronic and surgical wound models.
New paradigm in anti-inflammatory therapeutics
AITHM is seeking to partner with biotechnology or pharmaceutical companies to discover and develop hookworm-derived small molecules as an entirely new generation of anti-inflammatory therapeutics. The goal is to develop small molecules derived from hookworm secretions that suppress inflammation by promoting regulatory responses, notably the expansion and mucosal homing of regulatory T cells.
The market for inflammatory disease therapeutics is enormous, and growing at an unprecedented rate. Potential returns are high, in light of clinical options and potential risks. Obvious disease target areas where current standard of treatment is insufficient include autoimmune diseases such as IBD, rheumatoid arthritis, transplant diseases, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis and coeliac disease, and allergic inflammation such as asthma, food allergies and allergic dermatitis. AITHM has already identified individual molecules that confer protection against inflammatory diseases in animal models, and is working towards developing pre-clinical portfolios to accelerate these discoveries towards clinical trials.