Completed in 2016, the Townsville facility includes both PC2 and PC3 certified laboratories, animal holding spaces, a Biobank for clinical and epidemiological samples, a translational research facility, and meeting rooms. This construction was enabled by the Queensland State Government ($21.5M), the Federal Government via the Australian Research Council Special Research Initiative ($8M), and JCU. This facility accommodates both laboratory-based and clinical researchers, as well as staff and students in key supporting disciplines including, epidemiology, biostatistics, and health economics. The PC3 laboratory is specially designed to meet safety requirements for work on highly infectious and pathogenic organisms such as TB. Lower-risk pathogens are studied in PC2 labs. Townsville’s Translational Research Facility (TRF) is fitted with five clinic rooms used for clinical trials. The TRF is a space where clinicians and researchers can collaborate to meet the needs of patients, thus ensuring North Queensland trials can be conducted locally, and feed into local health care delivery.